This report focuses on the human rights situation in Ukraine in 2014. It contains a “Civic Assessment of government policy in the area of human rights” and an in-depth analysis of specific aspects of the human rights situation during the period in question.
We would like to offer you the Briefer#7 of the Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union for April 2015 issued within USAID Human Rights in Action Program.
The publication “The Fear Peninsula: Chronicle of Occupation and Violation of Human Rights in Crimea” (the authors – Serhii Zaiets, Oleksandra Matviichuk, Tetiana Pechonchyk, Daria Svyrydova and Olha Skrypnyk) was presented in Kyiv. The book contains the results of work of Ukrainian human rights organisations, in particular, the analysis of violations of international law in connection with the occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol by troops of the Russian Federation, the list of main resolutions of international bodies assessing these events, as well as the documentary evidence of human rights violations on the temporarily occupied territory of Crimea in the period from February 2014 to March 2015.
74 experts of human rights organisations from all regions of Ukraine participated in drawing up of the Report “Human Rights in Ukraine 2014” which provides a professional assessment of observance by the state of human rights in the situation of armed conflict, economic crisis and large-scale reform processes. The information contained in the report is annually used by the European Court, the US Government, the European Commission and other international institutions.
The new Criminal Procedure Code which was adopted in 2012 was estimated by international institutions as excellent. According to the current Criminal Procedure Code, detention is an exceptional preventive measure. In cases when a grave violent crime is not involved, application of alternative preventive measures towards the suspect is envisaged. Bail is one of them.
In autumn, during a campaign against impunity of Ukrainian border guards on the Crimean strait, we managed to draw the attention of the administration of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine to this problem. Subsequently, a number of suggestions for improving the situation on the checkpoints has been developed. For instance, it was offered to place posters for persons who cross the administrative border between Crimea and the mainland and approve a form of the resolution of the State Border Guard Service on denial to entry into the mainland Ukraine.
Human Rights in Action USAID Program, which is implemented by the Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union, conducted training, attended by over 30 activists giving regular visits to the ATO area in order to detect and record human rights violations and war crimes.
A former policeman Viacheslav Baryshevskyi spent 2 years in a pretrial detention centre waiting for a trial. Ukrainian judges were slow to consider his case. Neither did they consider it necessary to release him.
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